The Icelandair Group aims to create long-term growth in shareholder value through sustainability. The Company’s focus is therefore on high quality resource management in all its operations, which leads to a lower environmental impact and lower costs.
For international airlines, three key subjects relate to their contribution to environmental protection. Number one is the amount of fuel consumed by the aircraft, as fuel combustion causes a rise in carbon dioxide, assumed to cause global climate change. Secondly, it is the noise generated by air traffic at airports. And thirdly, it is the emission of pollutants by aircraft engines.
Fuel consumpti on and fuel effici ency
The production of so-called greenhouse gases of which CO2 is the most important, is in direct relation to the fuel consumed. Therefore lower fuel consumption results in lower levels of CO2. The aircraft types operated by Icelandair are amongst the most fuel-efficient available. They generally use on the average of about 2.8 litres of fuel per 100 passenger kilometers. By comparison today‘s modern aircraft consume, on average 3.5 litres per 100 passenger kilometers. This is similar to a small compact car but with 6 times the speed. Next generation aircraft, the Boeing 787, is already on order and expected to enter Icelandair service in 2010 and is expected to improve fuel efficiency by 20%.
International requirements in this field are stated in ICAO Annex 16, “Environmental Protection”, Vol. I. It prescribes certain maximum noise levels for aircraft at three designated noise-measuring points. All aircraft operated by Icelandair have since October 1990 fully complied with the most stringent international requirements of ICAO Annex 16, Vol. I.
Aircraft engine emissions
According to ICAO Annex 16, “Environmental Protection”, Vol. II, unburned Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Oxides of Nitrogen (Nox) and smoke, emitted by aircraft engines, shall be controlled. All aircraft operated by Icelandair have since October 1990 fully complied with the most stringent requirements of ICAO Annex 16, Vol. II concerning aircraft engine emissions.